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432-00283 (Justice)

Pétition papier

Langue d'origine de la pétition : Anglais

Pétition à la Chambre des communes

Nous soussignés, citoyens du Canada, désirons porter à l’attention de la Chambre des communes :

Qu’attendu que le projet de loi C-7 supprime d’autres mesures de protection du régime d’euthanasie actuel, y compris la période de réflexion obligatoire de 10 jours et le nombre de témoins requis, de sorte que la demande d’euthanasie puisse être acceptée et la procédure exécutée le même jour, sans consultation rigoureuse;

Attendu que la suppression de l’exigence d’avoir un deuxième témoin indépendant réduit la surveillance de la procédure, exposant ainsi des personnes vulnérables à un risque d’abus;

Attendu que le gouvernement canadien a le devoir de protéger ses citoyens, en particulier ceux qui sont vulnérables aux abus et à l’exploitation;

Par conséquent, nous soussignés, prions la Chambre des communes de cesser immédiatement de supprimer des dispositions conçues pour protéger les personnes qui demandent l’euthanasie et de mettre en place des mesures additionnelles de protection des personnes vulnérables.

Réponse du ministre de la Justice et procureur général du Canada

Signé par (ministre ou secrétaire parlementaire) : L'honorable David Lametti

On October 5, 2020, the Government re-introduced Bill C-7, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (medical assistance in dying). Bill C-7 is identical to former Bill C-7, which died on the Order Paper following the prorogation of Parliament in August 2020. Bill C-7 responds to the September 2019 Superior Court of Quebec ruling in Truchon,which struck down the eligibility criterion of “reasonably foreseeable natural death” from the Criminal Code medical assistance in dying regime.

Bill C-7 proposes to amend the Criminal Code to ensure consistency of the medical assistance in dying law across the country. The reasonably foreseeable natural death criterion would no longer apply as an eligibility criterion that could exclude persons from obtaining medical assistance in dying, and would instead be used to determine which of two different sets of safeguards apply to a particular medical assistance in dying request.

The Bill’s first set of safeguards would continue to be tailored to persons whose natural death is reasonably foreseeable, where risks are reduced given the overall proximity of death and the fact that their suffering is most likely linked to the dying process itself. The removal of the requirement of a second independent witness and the repeal of the 10-day reflection period would respond to the concerns raised by healthcare professionals and other stakeholders to the effect that: finding two independent witnesses is a challenge for many patients and poses an access barrier to medical assistance in dying; and, the 10-day reflection period prolongs patient suffering unduly, as persons who request medical assistance in dying do so after careful consideration.

The Bill’s second set of safeguards reflects the more serious consequences of error for persons who request medical assistance in dying and whose death is not reasonably foreseeable. It recognizes the diverse sources of suffering and vulnerability that could potentially lead a person whose death is not reasonably foreseeable to request medical assistance in dying. The new safeguards for this group include a minimum 90-day assessment period, a requirement that one of the two eligibility assessments must be conducted by an expert, and clarifications related to informed consent.

The amendments proposed in Bill C-7 were informed by consultations with Canadians, the provinces and territories, Indigenous groups, key stakeholders, experts, and practitioners. The Bill supports greater autonomy and freedom of choice for eligible persons, and provides appropriate safeguards to protect those who may be vulnerable.

Présentée à la Chambre des Communes
Cathy McLeod (Kamloops—Thompson—Cariboo)
24 novembre 2020 (Pétition n° 432-00283)
Réponse du gouvernement déposée
25 janvier 2021
Photo - Cathy McLeod
Kamloops—Thompson—Cariboo
Caucus Conservateur
Colombie-Britannique

Seules les signatures validées sont comptées dans le nombre total de signatures.

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